I use Ford nickel antiseize on most every fastener I reinstall so that future disassembly odds easy. A small can is about $30 and it lasts me a year or two. Al antiseize on steel fasteners tends to seize galvanically; most things I touch are aluminum or even magnesium (including Al bolts) so the Ni stuff has better stability and is good to 1200*F or more. None of it is any good on fasteners that haven’t ever been touched, antiseize is too thick to penetrate. AC Delco heater valve penetrant is a fantastic rust penetrant, as is Kroil, or a 50/50 mix of acetone and ATF. Super heat and an immediate cold water quench works pretty well for freeing seized fasteners too.
Sometimes, I find it easier just to snap the bolts off with an impact, remove the exhaust piece for room to work, and extract the broken stud. A nut and a MIG welder gets a broken stud out in less than a minute.
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